Problems of analysis

The correct analysis of text is not always possible for these reasons:

This page shows some problems of grammatical and semantic disambiguation. Rule numbers refer to ASD-STE100 issue 6.

Use a word only with the approved part of speech (Rule 1.2)

The term input is approved only as a noun. Input can be analysed in 2 different ways in "This is input to show you the problem":

The term operating system is approved as a Technical Name (Rule 1.5.19). Operating systems can be analysed in 2 different ways in "Operating systems that are slow can cause problems":

The term level is approved as an adjective and as a noun. Level can be analysed in 2 different ways in "Make the aircraft level":

The term damper is approved as an Technical Name. The adjective damp and its inflections are not approved. Damper can be analysed in 2 different ways in "Use a damper sample":

Use a word with its approved meaning (Rule 1.3)

Each approved word in ASD-STE100 is approved with a specified meaning. For example, the word about means concerned with, not approximately.

The term checker cannot tell you if you use the word correctly. It can only find all instances of the word and tell you to make sure that each word is correct in context.

Use Technical Names (Rule 1.5): proper nouns

"Because there are many Technical Names, and because each manufacturer uses different names, there is not a complete list of Technical Names in the Dictionary" (ASD-STE100 issue 6). Thus, you must customize the rules to include the Technical Names and the Technical Verbs that your organization uses.

Some Technical Names are proper nouns:

To minimize the initial customization, the term checker does not show an error for these proper nouns:

The screen shot shows an example:

Frequently, capitalized text is a proper noun

Possible problems are as follows:

Do not use emphatic do (Rule 3.3)

Emphatic do has this structure: do + verb (www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/grammar/ask_about_english/071112/). Emphatic do is used to emphasize the primary verb.

Emphatic do is not approved. Refer to Rule 3.3 (use the approved forms of the verb to make an approved tense).

Although emphatic do is not a large problem with most technical texts, the term checker has a rule to find emphatic do. Examples of emphatic do:

Sometimes, text can be analysed in 2 different ways. For example, "When you do work on the engine, make sure that…" has 2 grammatical interpretations:

For practical purposes, this ambiguous text is not a problem. The term checker does not find do work.

Use the active voice (Rule 3.7)

The sentence, "The wire was disconnected by the technician" is in the passive voice. Sometimes, text can be analysed in 2 different ways. For example, "The wires were disconnected" has 2 grammatical interpretations:

Sometimes, people can use their knowledge of the world to disambiguate text:

Typically, a spelling checker can disambiguate these texts, because knowledge is put into the rules. For example, the term waiter can be specified as a human agent.

Knowledge of the world is not in the term checker. Thus, the term checker cannot disambiguate the passive voice and the past participle as an adjective.

Use an approved verb to describe an action (not a noun or other part of speech) (Rule 3.8)

The term checker does not have sufficient 'intelligence' to know when a word is used correctly. For example, think about these sentences:

The message in the term checker tells you that possibly, you can use an approved verb as an alternative to the approved noun. That message does not mean that you must use an approved verb.

Use the hyphen (-) as a joining signal (Rule 8.3)

The term checker ignores these hyphenated terms:

To prevent errors, the term checker does not automatically ignore most approved terms that are joined with a hyphen. For example, the words high (adjective) and pressure (Technical Name, noun) are approved. Rule 8.3.1 shows high-pressure as an adjective. This adjective is satisfactory for most organizations. The words large (adjective) and oil (Technical Name, noun) are approved. But, for most organizations, large-oil is not an approved adjective. Thus, you must customize the rules to include all the hyphenated Technical Names and Technical Verbs that your organization uses.

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